Written by Keith Swenson, Vice President of Research and Development at Fujitsu America

What is a Business Architecture and why is it important? My challenge was to define this in terms that can be understood by a non technical business executive.

An architect is a master builder (from Greek ἀρχι- “chief” and τέκτων “builder, carpenter, mason”). The architect leads the building of something, and is responsible for it being built correctly. Architecture then represents the principles of design. The architecture is the reason something is built a particular way: it is all about the construction of the building, and incorporates principles of engineering as well as principles of aesthetics.

There are a couple of definitions of Business Architecture available, but they tend to be filled with jargon. I will include them at the bottom, but it is more important to understand the reason for the term. A business architecture is the conceptual understanding that the business people have on why particular choices were made in the organization. It is not simply a description of the organization at a high level.

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